⌚️ Got only 60 seconds?We know that time is precious and not everyone enjoys reading long articles, as such, we suggest you to watch the following video, however, feel free to still read our article if you want more in-depth information!
1What Is The Main Purpose Of Hydrotreating?
Hydrotreating is a well-established and industrially acceptable process to refine the crude petroleum and production of transportation fuels. In this process, a high volume of hydrogen gas is used for the removal of the undesired impurities (e.g., sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, etc.)
2How Does A Diesel Hydrotreater Work??
During hydrotreating, crude oil cuts are selectively reacted with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst at relatively high temperatures and moderate pressures. The process converts undesirable aromatics, olefins, nitrogen, metals, and organosulfur compounds into stabilized products.
3What Is Refinery Hydroprocessing?
Hydroprocessing covers a range of catalytic processes including hydrotreating and hydrocracking for removal of sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen and metals. The process is critical in the production of low sulfur fuels to reduce emissions, as removing the S reduces SOx emissions when fuels are combusted.
4How Does A Naphtha Hydrotreater Work??
The naphtha hydrotreating unit uses a cobalt-molybdenum catalyst to remove sulfur by converting it to hydrogen sulfide that is removed along with unreacted hydrogen. Some of the hydrogen sulphide-hydrogen mixture is recycled back to the reactor to utilize the unreacted hydrogen, using a compressor.
5What Does A Diesel Hydrotreater Do?
Diesel hydrotreating (DHT) or catalytic hydrogen treating is mainly to reduce undesirable species from straight-run diesel fraction by selectively reacting these species with hydrogen in a reactor at elevated temperatures and at moderate pressures.
6What Catalyst Is Used In Hydrotreating?
The catalyst systems used typically are cobalt and molybdenum oxides of alumina; however, some systems contain nickel and tungsten. The air emissions sources from hydrotreating are the process heater flue gas, vents, and fugitive.
7What Is The Hydrocracking Process?
Hydrocracking is a process to convert larger hydrocarbon molecules into smaller molecules under high hydrogen pressure and elevated temperature. It is commonly applied to upgrade the heavier fractions of the crude oils to produce higher value transportation fuels.