How does exercise help brain function? Exercise improves memory by increasing molecular targets like the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). This molecular factor increases synaptogenesis, forming new synapses that mediate learning and memory, making it easier to absorb information and form long-term memories.
Which exercise is best for brain? “Brisk walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming—they can all benefit your brain health, and choosing an exercise you like to do will help you continue long-term, which is the most important way to make sure you see the benefit,” he says.